How Does Auto GPS Help Law Enforcement Fight Crime?

Many individuals are now seeking to gain an understanding to the role of auto GPS in Law Enforcement. As the basic technology of GPS, or “Global Positioning Systems” advances, more and more Law Enforcement agencies are starting to discover the advantages of using it in order to optimize their basic role in protecting the citizens within the United States, and each county and city in which they operate.

This particular technology has proven to be quite beneficial in several instances that are legal in nature. Each day, these agencies are establishing more creative ways to use GPS. Here, you will learn about the role of auto GPS in Law Enforcement.

One of the main roles of GPS when it comes to Law Enforcement is that it holds the ability to track individuals that have been suspected of committing a crime. The most common way that this is accomplished is by attaching a unit to the vehicle in which the suspect drives.

It is then that the agency that is tracking the individual can monitor and even successfully record the movements of that individual. The information obtained by the agency can be used to pass a warrant for the individual’s arrest.

Once in court to face potential conviction, this information may be revealed. Many individuals argue and win when it comes to the fact that this is viewed as a violation of privacy, but many of these cases accept the evidence and the suspect is convicted.

Auto GPS systems have been so effective that small versions have been created that do not fit on the vehicle, but they are placed on the wrists or ankles of criminals that have been convicted of a crime. These criminals may have to wear these while they are confined in a prison, and they may have to wear them once they are released from a holding facility.

This type of mini GPS system is often used on individuals who are on what is called “House Arrest”, and it may be used on individuals who have been deemed to be “Sexual Predators” to ensure that the individual does not get close to schools, parks, and other areas where children frequent.

Many Law Enforcement agencies are able to use auto GPS systems in their patrol vehicles and can enter in information about particular calls and crimes. The agency can then take this information, and compile it into an effective data sheet that allows the employees of the agency to see which areas tend to have a higher rate of crime, and which areas have a low rate of crime.

Furthermore, the “crimes” may be detailed even further to specify what crimes occur in a particular area, and how often. This is often referred to as a “Crime Map”. By putting these maps to work, Law Enforcement agencies can successfully determine their crime zones and increase the amount and types of officers that work in that area.

There are several individuals that have protested against the use of GPS in Law Enforcement. These individuals argue that their fourth amendment rights are violated when it comes to this type of use. There have been many cases in which these individuals have presented their case, and many considerations have been made when it comes to Constitutional Rights.

However, the fact still stands that Law Enforcement agencies have been able to serve and protect a number of citizens by implementing the use of GPS technology. This is why there is a distinct role that auto GPS plays in this type of government agency.

How to Choose Law Enforcement Careers

Typically a position with a government agency is considered when looking at a career in law enforcement. Agencies are either part of local, state, or the federal government. Local agencies would be police and sheriffs departments. State agencies include highway patrol, department of public safety, department of criminal investigations, state narcotic, alcohol, and gaming agencies. Some federal agencies have an enforcement mission as their primary function. These agencies would be the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Secret Service, Marshals Service, and Drug Enforcement Administration. Other federal agencies have a law enforcement component, such as the Offices of Inspector General.

When considering whether to pursue a career in with a local, state, or federal agency, there are several factors to examine. First is the amount of re-locating that may be required. If you get hired with a local police department you can be assured that you will remain located in that city so long as you continue to be employed by that department. If you are with a federal law enforcement agency with offices throughout the United States, you may be required to transfer to various locations during your career. The same may hold true for working with a state law enforcement agency.

Another factor to consider is the type of work you will be doing. In most police departments new recruits work as patrol officers and then have the opportunity to get promoted into specialized units such as narcotics, homicide, and SWAT. Many state and federal law enforcement agencies have specialized missions. Therefore if you begin your career as an FBI Special Agent you will be conducting investigations.

The mission of the agency is an important factor to look at. If you work for a drug enforcement agency you most likely will be working narcotics. If you work for highway patrol you most likely will be working traffic enforcement. Therefore, select an agency that has the type of work you are seeking.

One final factor to consider is pay and upward mobility. The pay between agencies can vary greatly. Every job announcement will state the starting pay range and often will state what the highest level of pay for that position will be. Look at what are the possibilities for career advancement within that agency. For example, a large police department has many specialized units that officers can move up into.
There are many factors to consider when choosing law enforcement careers.

Law Enforcement Articles – The Need for Interview and Interrogation Training

At no time in our modern history have more demands been placed upon the law enforcement officer. Communities are extremely concerned about crime and they are demanding that law enforcement agencies “do something about it.”
It seems that every day, violent crime and drugs occupy the front page of every newspaper in America. Politicians at the local, state and national level like to give the impression of being “tough on crime” and espouse philosophies which, at least outwardly, seem to support that toughness.

At the same time, the public (via the media) is scrutinizing the actions of the law enforcement community more closely than ever before.

The public wants results and, more importantly, to feel safe. Yet, that same public will not tolerate any perceived abuses of suspects’ rights in the process.

Primarily due to the increased cost of incarceration, a concerted push is being made to release prisoners from jails and prisons, with the ensuing increase in probationers and parolees.

Probation/Parole Officers have increased caseloads with no end in sight.

Juvenile crime is sky-rocketing.

Younger, more fearless criminals are becoming the norm, with the media bringing sad tale after tale into our homes on a nightly basis.

When I speak to new recruits, I tell them that what the public wants in a police officer is simple: we want applicants that are warm, caring individuals who are capable of speaking to public groups; conducting demonstrations at schools; counseling troubled youth; rendering first aid; interacting with and assessing problems from a community perspective.

In addition to all of those admirable qualities, we want much more.

If a bad guy is trying to get into our home, we want an absolutely fearless gladiator who will willingly risk his/her very life to apprehend the suspect (without injury to the burglar, of course) and protect our property.

We want, expect and demand all of this for a salary that is far less than society pays a plumber!

Whether a person is a Probation/Parole Officer supervising 100 felons, a Police Officer in a patrol car, a Fish and Wildlife Officer working all alone 50 miles from any back-up, a military law enforcement officer or a Federal Agent working in a structured environment, being a law enforcement officer is an extraordinarily tough and complex job which demands that we apply all of our skills and training.

How has the law enforcement community dealt with the ever-increasingly need for interview training?

Poorly, I’m afraid. Here’s how it works…

In virtually every modern law enforcement agency, much care and consideration is given to the allocation of training, especially that training which requires both expenditures of time and money.

Traditionally, different segments of the agency (patrol, detectives, administration, etc.) have had to compete in a sense for their share of the almighty training dollar budget.

As a result, it is incumbent upon agency administrators to prioritize the available training money.

Training in most modern law enforcement agencies has taken on the semblance of a triage system at an emergency room. Administrators want to send everyone to training, so they end up throwing some money at those who are “bleeding” the most. Due to civil liability concerns, patrol officers mainly receive training emphasizing the motor skills areas (firearms, arrest techniques, emergency driving tactics, handgun retention skills, etc.), said areas presenting the most opportunity for misapplication and a resultant lawsuit.

Investigators receive training geared toward their primary areas of emphasis (interview & interrogation, crime scene investigation, investigative specialties, etc.).

Ironically, an objective analysis of the component parts of the job of patrol officer reveals interviewing skills are utilized far more often than any other skill. Think about it, what skill is used more often than the ability to talk with people and elicit information?

Conversely, what will get an officer in trouble with the public faster than an inability to communicate?

How many times in any officer’s life will he or she use deadly force?
How many times in any given month will he or she get into a vehicular pursuit?
How many instances of dealing with hazardous materials will crop up in an average month?

Contrast the frequency of these incidents against the absolute certainty that we will have to interact with people during each and every shift.

We routinely qualify in shooting, attend yearly hazardous materials safety courses, attend Emergency Vehicle Operations courses and the like, yet most patrol officers never attend formal interview and interrogation instruction after an initial exposure to it in the basic training academy.

Consider the following sober statistics:

o Police Training academies in the United States offer, on average, only 4 hours of training on interviewing techniques during Basic Training.

o 60% of law enforcement training academies in the U.S. don’t offer any interview training at all during Basic Training.

o Less than 20% of all law enforcement officers have received in-service training in interviewing techniques.

Unfortunately, in most law enforcement agencies, the investigators are repeatedly sent to interview and interrogation training, while the patrol officers who apply to attend are routinely turned down. In the bureaucratic effort to make training dollars stretch a long way, administrators often prioritize training requests, sometimes based upon outdated or inaccurate information.

The need exists for inexpensive, easy methods benefit police officers without regard to job assignment, all in an affordable manner.

Compounding the training problem is the current countrywide push toward “Community Policing” and all of the responsibilities inherent with that system. Simply put, Community Policing can be best described as a philosophy of empowerment that allows the beat officer to solve problems. By a collaborative effort with others in the community, police officers are responsible for actually resolving the community concerns, rather than just taking enforcement action.

While the philosophy sounds good, the average law enforcement patrol officer has not been given the tools with which to conduct investigations, interview people, make public presentations and achieve this collaboration to solve problems. Federal grant money has been spread across the country in an effort to promote Community Policing.

Officers have been hired, equipment has been purchased and public relations efforts have been extensive in this area. Unfortunately, officers that do not have the foundation of investigative training may find themselves in an uncomfortable position.

One Community Policing officer recently told me “If I had wanted to interview neighbors, show photo lineups, speak to public groups and work extensively with other public agencies, I would have been a detective. What happened to good, old-fashioned police work?”

One of the primary components of Community Policing is the ability to interact with people in a non-threatening manner which elicits maximum information.

Most basic training academies teach a block of instruction on “Interviewing and Interrogation.” However, these traditional systems stress the structured interview approach to interviewing. The new trainee soon realizes that he or she will conduct hundreds or thousands of street interviews while on patrol and will perform relatively few formal, structured interviews in an interrogation room setting.

There are some very fine formal “Interview and Interrogation” type training classes for law enforcement officers out there (being a polygraph examiner, I have attended quite a few of them), but they tend to emphasize the structured interrogation aspect of the situation and are geared more toward an investigator than a patrol officer.

Look for interview training that does not deal with just the structured interview/interrogation type setting. Again, an analysis of a patrol officer’s daily job reveals that the vast majority of contacts that he or she experiences are not in a structured setting conducive to a formalized method of interview and interrogation.

The Focused Interviewing system is not one based totally on theory, but rather upon practical application. These techniques are being successfully used daily, are very easy to learn and do not require reference texts to be carried in the field.

In this system, we will look at what is wrong (or at least ineffective) with typical street interview techniques, what led us to use techniques that don’t work, what does work and how to develop techniques that will dramatically increase our “confession” or “incriminating statement” rates in dealing with offenders and will be of great value in clarifying statements obtained from victims and witnesses.

This is the first in a long series of Law Enforcement articles concerning first-responder interviewing and interrogation.

Use of Tasers Vs Lethal Force in Law Enforcement

Crime has come a long way to make its root firmer in society, and has forced law enforcement agencies to take up arms against criminals. Some of the countries arm their law enforcement officials with the latest and deadly weapons, which fall in the category of lethal force. The use of tactical weapons has become necessary because crime is not just about snatching bags anymore. Crime has also become techno-savvy and criminals have started to use some of the best weapons in the market. If we look at the top 10 countries with high rate of crime then the numbers are astoundingly high.

1. Iceland 14,726.95

2. Sweden 13,455.08

3. New Zealand 12,586.64

4. Grenada 10,177.89

5. Norway 10,086.72

6. England & Wales 9,823.38

7. Denmark 9,460.38

8. Finland 8,697.37

9. Scotland 8,428.97

10. Canada 4,123.97

The above are per 100,000 inhabitants

In the United States itself, the Crime Index Rates have increased from 1,887.2 in the 60’s to more than double, which are 5,897.8 by 1991 and this is per 100,000 inhabitants. In 1991, the crime rate in the US was 313% more than the rate in 1960. Crime rate in other countries of the world have also increased considerably in the last couple of decades.

For more than a few decades, law enforcement agencies in the US and in other countries across the world have been using automated weapons to fight criminals and this has resulted in loss of life on either sides. An NIJ report has confirmed that the US federal government spends approximately $75 billion on the different law enforcement agencies as well as the judicial system. Yet not all the money infused into the system has helped in protecting innocent citizens from becoming the victim. In fact, according to a report, if the overall productivity of the law enforcement agencies could be increased by 1% then it would make a huge positive impact on the crime rate in the US and will even cut down the economic loss by $700,000,000.

The question is how can the enforcement agencies fight crime effectively and without killing the criminal? The answer lies with alternative weapons, which resourceful, effective, inexpensive, and not life are threatening.

The Emergence of Taser

One of the recent problems faced by several law agencies is that of transporting hardened convicts from one prison location to another. There are times when convicts have tried to escape and in the confusion officers had to resort to using their weapons and sometimes inappropriate tactics and use of force, which cause more harm than good and even death in some cases.

This is where a Taser comes in. A Taser looks like a gun but it is an entirely different concept. It is basically a type of electroshock weapon, which can stun a subject from quite a distance. The models being used currently by law enforcement agencies are the M26 and X26. Some of the other models include the Taser C2 and the Taser M18.

The primary reason behind introducing Taser is the fact that they are non-lethal weapons that can be used by law enforcement agencies for subduing potentially dangerous and fleeing subjects like convicts. Taser can considerably reduce the usage of life threatening weapons like the service guns.

The Taser was developed initially by Jack Cover, who was a NASA researcher, in 1969. The modern day Taser can fire two small electrodes, which are connected with a main unit through two conductive wires. They are propelled into the air or towards the subject with the help of small but compressed nitrogen charges. Each of the air cartridges is equipped with two electrodes as well as enough compressed nitrogen to fire a single shot. The air cartridge has to be replaced after use.

Cartridges for the Taser are available depending on the range that you expect to achieve. The maximum range of a Taser is 35 feet or 10.6 meters, a distance at which you can fire it and catch a fleeing convict or criminal. The cartridges available for civilian use have a maximum range of 15 feet or 4.5 meters.

Once fired from the Taser, the pointed electrodes will pierce through the clothing and remain in place because of they are barbed. The latest models of the Taser including the C2 are called ‘pulse’ models and they can pierce through a Level III body armor vest. The Taser gives an electric shock that stuns the subject for a few minutes during which the law enforcement officers can overpower the subject and take him/her into custody.

The Taser C2

The Taser C2 is perfect for independent men and women who require an effective but not life threatening protection device. As of today almost 250,000 law enforcement officials across 40 countries are using different Taser devices including the C2. The Taser C2 is a great weapon for self-defense and is categorized under Electronic Control Devices (ECDs). It can propel wires that will stun the subject and affect the motor and sensory functions of the central nervous system. The Taser C2 is available with a replaceable cartridge that contains compressed nitrogen and two small electrodes and can fire a shot to a maximum range of 15 feet

The range of 15 feet gives the Taser a definite advantage because you can use it the moment you sense danger. You can even use it if someone snatches your bag at the supermarket and tries to flee. This flexibility in firing from a distance makes the Taser C2 an absolute weapon to have. The Taser C2 can protect you or your family from a potentially threatening situation and keep everyone safe.

The Taser C2 technology has been proven to be highly effective in laboratory exercises and in real life situation. It is considered as one of the best weapons for self-defense from a safe distance. Today there are in excess of 500,000 users of the Taser worldwide. The Taser C2 technology has also been supported by several medical reports and medical organizations that have vouched for the general safety that comes with this stun gun. There are no long-term injuries and the subject can recover completely in a matter of minutes.

What gives the Taser C2 the advantage over conventional weapons is that the discharge of electricity can affect the entire body as well as the central nervous system. The best thing is that you can fire it to any part of the body and it will do its job. According to several reports, the Taser C2 was found to be 95% effective during real encounters.. Unlike other Taser models, the Taser C2 will operate for a period of 30 seconds once activated. This special feature is primarily so that once deployed, an individual can drop the Taser C2 and have a 30 second window in which to escape to safety. To enhance this feature even more, Taser International warranties that if your Taser C2 is deployed in an attack, send them a copy of the police report describing the event, and Taser International will replace your Taser C2 free of charge. If a standard stun gun is the biggest selling item when it comes to personal self-defense, it is only because individuals have never tried the Taser.

The Taser M26C

The Taser M26C is an advanced version of this non-lethal technology. It also uses compressed nitrogen to fire two small electrodes up to a maximum distance of 15 feet. The electrodes are connected with the help of high-voltage insulated wires to the Taser M26C. When the electrodes come into contact with a subject then electrical pulses are transmitted through the wires into the body of the subject and can penetrate 2 inches of clothing.

The use of the Taser M26C over the years has become increasingly popular with civilians as well as law enforcement agencies due to its high degree of effectiveness and above all there is no bloodshed. It can be used in different situations and can save several lives. Most importantly, the number of deaths in custody, robbing, and theft has gone down due to the use of the Taser M26C. Using guns have never been as effective.

The Taser M26C has a 100% rating for effectiveness. The Taser M26 is not only considered as a better option to the automatic weapons being used by law enforcement agents but is also better than the traditional stun guns. One of the quantum leaps in the Taser M26C technology is the effective stopping power due to the use of a new and advanced Electro-Muscular Disruption (EMD) technology. The advanced Taser M26C can shoot 2 darts or electrodes using a 15 feet wire that ensures transfer of 50,000 volts to the central nervous system of the subject. What the Taser M26C really provides is an incredible power to take down almost any opponent.

As a result of its effective use, Taser devices or guns are being looked at as the next generation weapon. Soon it might replace the conventional colt, Walther, CZ 75B or other automatic handguns and weapons. The Taser is a weapon that can be used for self-defense by both civilians and law enforcement agencies. It is easy to use, more effective than conventional weapons, works at close range and removes any threat to life. Now that’s a weapon of the future!

Cost Effective Law Enforcement Aerial Patrol

While many of our law enforcement officers will make a major stand in regards to flying helicopters and the versatility of the helicopter, for many law enforcement agencies there are far more cost effective options available to perform many of the same mission roles as a helicopter.

Starting with the helicopter it does offer vertical takeoff and decent as well as hover capability. Hover capability is vital for performing officer insertion or extraction in confined areas where landing is not normally practical. Hover capability is also critical for life rescue work.

We now enter into an area that may turn a few heads. How often and how needed are these capabilities for your particular organization? Larger cities or metropolitan areas may in fact need all of the capabilities of a helicopter and may have the need even for a large helicopter for proper tactical deployment of personnel and or equipment. Now if an analytical approach to bang for the buck is applied to a majority of law enforcement missions, the actual number of times per year that these capabilities were utilized are most likely very low. For many cities not willing or by the private service of EMS helicopter operators, or the services of the Coast Guard, many EMS missions are not even covered by law enforcement agencies.

Large cities and metro departments can even benefit from a slightly mixed fleet of affordable aircraft and more expensive helicopters. With smaller cheaper aircraft to perform normal patrols and surveillance with the more mission – enhanced aircraft providing the special mission services it can offer.

Many law enforcement agencies not only in the United States but also across the world have made some very significant purchases in regards to new helicopters in the past few years. Aircraft such as the Eurocopter B2 and B3’s as well as Bell 206 L4 and 407 helicopters. Agencies have been replacing older aircraft with high component and or high airframe times with newer aircraft with more performance and the ability to safely carry the many mission support tools needed for airborne law enforcement.

Agencies have been able to find ways to procure new aircraft but very often the maintenance and repair area after the initial purchase is overlooked. Right along with this oversight is the increased operational costs and possible increase in insurance costs associated with the new purchase. A typical scenario seen across the industry is when an aircraft enters a major inspection is that the money needed to repair or replace the inspection items is often not available or was not budgeted for in the maintenance operating budget. This can be an administrative short-sight, an agency with a fixed maintenance budget, inaccurate information on DOC’s (Direct Operating Costs) as the area in which you operate may have more atmospheric contaminates to cause corrosion that were not taken into account at the time of purchase. Another possibility can be the hours that were actually flown exceeded the planned hours for the budget, this brings those time life items to an earlier calendar time than previously planned.

Now where to get approval for the unplanned expenses or if planned and the actual costs are higher than estimated? Since the budgets are tight many agencies have had to keep aircraft grounded until such time that funds are allocated, and the aircraft components repaired to get the aircraft back in the air. Consequently, have had some aircraft become the dreaded hanger queen for months while awaiting funding. This not only makes the unit less efficient but also sets the stage for the same scenario for the following year as other aircraft now bear the burden of additional flight hours from the previously mentioned grounded ship now carrying its fair share of the flight hour program.

The unit supervisor may be suddenly faced with some rather humbling data to provide the supervising police staff or civilian officials in regards to budget.

Operationally, there are some options available, be it for a small town or the large law enforcement unit. A quick look at actual mission roles and calls will normally reveal that calls responded to only required an aircraft to have slow circular flight capability and that hover capability was in fact not needed. A check with your pilots will also reveal a safety reason for doing orbits rather than hover. Hovering burns more fuel, the pilot is also in a vulnerable position in regards to performance (high torque, high EGT, or other operational parameters), and it is also a very vulnerable position if the engine or some other component decides to fail at this critical time.

For helicopters to effectively enter into an autorotative state there has to be enough potential energy available to become a successful maneuver. The pilot requires two things to perform this critical skill, altitude and or forward speed. Forward speed and altitude are the sources of our potential energy which induce the rotational forces needed to safely perform autorotation. Since most police work is performed at low altitude the safe pilot will keep the aircraft moving forward in the event that an autorotation should have to be performed.

A gyroplane is in a constant state of autorotation and in the event to make an emergency landing, the pilot simply maintains airspeed to sustain autorotation and perform the landing approach to touchdown.

Options that make a lot of sense from a budget point of view are, helicopters that can be operated for patrol use at a far cheaper rate than our mission specialized aircraft. This does not necessarily mean the aircraft is not capable of many of the same missions. Since the growth of the UAV market, many systems used for these aircraft are the same systems required for law enforcement use. These systems have become quite lightweight and compact in size. Another option is to use another aircraft that is still a rotorcraft but can operate far more efficiently than the helicopter in many of the same mission roles- the gyroplane. I would like to direct your attention to what Ken Wallis has performed in both testing and actual missions roles with his gyroplanes. Pilots may frown on this move but they are your pilots and expected to fly as your pilots. Naturally training will be required but their job is to fly. The same holds true for the mechanics that may raise a fit about working on a small gyroplane. It is the ability to perform the mission that is their responsibility and management’s responsibility to the community to provide effective law enforcement capability but it shouldn’t come at too great of a burden to the taxpayer.

With these thoughts in mind as well as privatized law enforcement roles for gyroplanes Groen Brothers has recently released their newest gyroplane model. The Sparrowhawk III is designed for the use in homeland security roles, private law enforcement / security as well a normal law enforcement roles. The affectivity of light gyroplanes was been validated time and again from Ken Wallis and his use of specialized equipment to perform cadaver searches to port surveys for Saudi Arabia. Not too long ago the German government entered into testing of gyroplanes in a law enforcement role but not much feedback to the rest of the law enforcement community has surfaced from these tests.

If there is any indication of the value of the operational advantages of the gyroplane as simple look at the Sikorsky demonstrator and test vehicle X-2, a coaxial hybrid with a large pusher propeller located at the tail. For pilots and mechanic that simply are not informed of the aircraft type resistance to change can be accepted. Once they understand that the probable future of law enforcement aviation is most likely going to be an aircraft of similar design as the X-2, then the benefits of gyroplane technology will come to be appreciated.

Sticker shock of continuing maintenance costs after the initial purchase of a helicopter has left many agencies and local governments shaking their heads at the high costs they most likely never thought they would encounter. There are economical options; helicopters operations in most agencies began with small simple reciprocating powered helicopters. The purchase of former military helicopters showed the potential of turbine powered law enforcement helicopters but the added budgetary costs of newer aircraft and the tightening of local government purse strings has even lead to the loss of some law enforcement airborne units all-together. I am sure that any of those pilots would rather be flying and performing their law enforcement role than to be grounded or without a job. The modern gyroplane is no tinker toy and for any that approach the aircraft with as much of an attitude they will quickly get themselves into trouble. Like any other aircraft it does have operational parameters for safe flight and only flies like a gyroplane, not like an airplane and not like a helicopter, it is its’ own unique form of aerial transportation.

The gyroplane also provides as good of an observation platform as any helicopter and much of the associated vibrations found with helicopters is not as pronounced in gyroplanes putting less vibration on fragile equipment such as radios and navigation equipment. This means lighter equipment can replace bulkier equipment.

In regards to the dreaded airworthiness directives that can quickly down a fleet of helicopters the combined use of gyroplanes can still keep a unit effective and performing law enforcement aerial duties at a fraction of the cost. Inclusive to gyroplane maintenance costs is they typically have far fewer time life components to replace, inspect or overhaul further reducing the operational dollars needed to support the unit’s mission. Fuel being of concern of late can also be brought under a manageable budget with many aircraft using premium auto fuel in place of expensive Avgas or jet fuel.

So before a unit decides it can no longer provide the needed support to ground officers or provide valuable service to the community by closing the hanger doors. The unit may want to explore the possibilities of using a platform that quite simply provides more bang for the buck than the helicopter to perform many of the same missions.

Outsourcing Law Enforcement Transcription

As long as law enforcement agencies have been dealing with recorded audio and video, there’s been a need for law enforcement transcription. Despite advancements in technology, those pieces of audio and video that are entered into evidence or as part of an investigation still need to be transcribed for reasons of documentation and clarity.

The responsibility for transcription has commonly fallen on the shoulders of those professionals that require the work; law enforcement agencies, attorneys, public defenders, prosecutors, security companies, and others.

Unfortunately, over time the caseloads for law enforcement agencies have increased while there has been no increase (and sometimes a decrease) in personnel to manage the work and influx of forensic transcription.

Budget cuts have made it virtually impossible for many law enforcement agencies to bring on additional staff to assist with the translation and transcription, creating a nightmare of labor costs for many divisions.

Security Concerns

The possibility of outsourcing forensic transcription is one that is routinely discussed in many agencies, but many have reservations about utilizing outsourced services, particularly when delicate evidence in audio and video is concerned.

In the past many agencies were wary about sending out hardcopies of audio and video to be handled by a law enforcement transcription company when considering the potential of that content becoming “lost” or corrupted.

Likewise, the more hands an item passed through, the greater the chance of the material becoming damaged or leaked – especially to the media. These security concerns have encouraged a number of agencies to retain the transcription and translation work in house.

As technology has advanced however, new and far safer methods make it extremely simple to get the necessary content to a transcription service; Audio and video content can be uploaded to a secured server managed by the transcription service.

This secure upload makes it easy to monitor and maintain who has custody of the content because it passes easily from point A (the law enforcement agency that requires the transcription) to point B (the transcription service).

Reeling Budget Considerations

With the economical upset across the nation, many law enforcement agencies have suffered severe budget cuts that cost them both personnel and equipment. As such, it’s been extremely difficult for many of those agencies to justify paying an additional cost for outsourcing forensic transcription.

For many transcription services, it is common to charge by the line or by the page. Unfortunately it’s often very difficult to determine how many pages an interview will leave you with once it’s transcribed. There is another option that can make budgeting easier for law enforcement agencies, and that’s to opt for transcription services that charge by the minute.

That means if an agency needs transcription for a 46 minute interview – whether in audio or video format – then the agency is charged for 46 minutes.

The Real Benefit of Outsourcing Law Enforcement Transcription

The real problem facing law enforcement agencies, and any agency involved in the criminal justice system that is subject to strict budgets, is that in-house transcription takes up a tremendous amount of time and man power to complete.

Many agencies oppose outsourced transcription services because they fear the cost, as mentioned previously, but they don’t consider the actual cost of keeping that transcription in-house. Their intention is to save money by keeping transcription in-house but unfortunately that decision is costing some agencies a great deal of money.

*Salaries/Wages
Paid to those employees, secretaries, etc. who are required to transcribe the data – sometimes in the form of overtime depending on the case load.

*Management Expenses
Transcriptions typically need to be reviewed for accuracy and tracked to ensure that they are being completed in a timely manner. This can take time away from those in positions of authority within the department or agency.

*Cost of Information Technology
The cost of purchasing and maintaining software and hardware plus the training of employees and personnel to utilize the equipment for audio and video transcription

*Overflow and Delay Costs
There are inevitable times when delays occur which can pose significant problems to law enforcement cases where a deadline is concerned. Often the overflow and delayed material winds up in the hands of an outsourced company. Due to a looming deadline and thus a rapid turnaround requirement, the cost for such a service is often higher.

A Viable Alternative

Forensic and law enforcement transcription & translation outsourcing have become one of the primary ways that many agencies are finding budget relief. With skilled outsourcing to a service that employs trained forensic transcriptionists, law enforcement agencies gain a number of benefits:

*Reduced man hours of on-site personnel
*Elimination of the need to hire additional personnel to meet demands
*Improved quality of the transcribed content
*Reduced delays in transcription (rapid turnaround)

Outsourcing of forensic transcription means that far more agencies will be able to put their personnel where they belong – focusing on the agency’s primary responsibilities. With skilled outsourcing, law enforcement agencies, security companies, and so-on can trim costs because they are able to get transcripts completed on time, thus meeting the demand of an increased case load without the need to hire more staff or force current staff to burn the candle at both ends.

The new age of digital transcription via the web has given law enforcement agencies, public defenders offices, security companies, and others a means of maintaining the security of their data as it’s being passed off to trained forensic transcriptionists, and a rapid turnaround on those pressing cases that need to be handled quickly.

Trace a Cell Phone Number – Use a Similar Database That is Used by Law Enforcement Agencies!

Way back when, trying to gain access to a cell phone number was not an easy task to accomplish. Cell phone numbers are not only considered to be a confidential piece of information, but with a cellular phone plan you pay for your set number of minutes. Because of this, tracing a mobile telephone number is difficult to do because you can’t look the number up in the local white pages or call your telephone company to get the number. However, the times have changed in today’s world. And thanks to the wonderful World Wide Web, tracing a cellular phone number is easier than most people think.

Thanks to today’s world of advanced technology, tracing a cell number is fairly cheap and quick. All it involves is getting on your computer and doing a reverse lookup search. While getting on a website such as white pages is okay, the website only deals with landline and business phone numbers. If you’re going to trace a cell phone number, it is best to go with a company that specifies 99% of all telephone numbers from landline phone numbers to cell phone numbers to pager numbers.

By going through these types of companies, you will be charged to search the database. The reason you are being charged is because the mobile phone companies charge the reverse lookup companies to get access and get into their private files. While you may think that paying money to get a cell phone trace is silly, think about your peace of mind when all is said and done. Some companies will give you an unlimited search on phone numbers for an entire year, if you are willing to pay just a little extra.

In order to do the cell phone reversal search, you will need the whole, entire number – which is your area code and telephone number. After a few seconds you will be able to see if the number you’re searching for is available on the website. If your phone number is not available to you, then you will not be charged. These cellular number searches also give the person’s name, address, and mobile carrier (AT&T, Verizon, T-Mobile, Alltel, etc.)

Tracing any kind of phone number have come a long way since years past. We now can find out information about people that was only known by law enforcement. Whatever your case may be for wanting to trace a cell phone number- whether you’re being stalking or bothered with prank calls- tracing a cell phone number can bring many advantages and peace of mind.

If you need to trace a phone caller quickly [http://www.reversefonelookup.info] I recommend, The Reverse Phone Detective [http://www.reversefonelookup.info] They run probably the best reverse phone lookup service online. Just type in the number you want to lookup.

Soft Body Armor – Procurement Responsibility of Law Enforcement Agencies

It was found that police executives rarely prioritize the procurement of soft body armor probably because of the notion that wearing one can be tiring and uncomfortable. Body armor used to be heavy and bulky which is very distractive while on the job especially to police enforcers. Gladly in 1960’s, Du Pont scientist discovered a new fiber called Kevlar. However during that time it was not given much attention neglecting to recognize the potential of this material to bring a lot of changes in the improvement of protective gear especially in the police community.

The National Institute of Justice together with the US army developed a prototype using this new fiber. The prototype underwent various testing and was proven to be effective. It was first proven in action during a robbery in Seattle last December 23, 1975 wherein retired police Officer Raymond Johnson was shot by .38 caliber bullets. He was shot in the chest twice and one in his hand. After that miraculous survival, more than 3000 officers seek to wear ballistic vest. Consequently, they were also able to experience the same benefits.

Nonetheless, despite the benefits and promising efficiency of bullet proof vest towards projectiles not all are convinced to wear such protection. The reason being, bullet resistant vest is too expensive, uncomfortable, hot, and ultimately limiting the wearer’s ease of mobility.

Good thing, soft body armor is now using lightweight materials. These materials brought the advent of thinner and lighter bullet proof vests which are now favorably worn by many, providing the same protection as that of the bulky and heavy types of vests worn by militaries.

In order to keep the resistance capacity of a vest functional, each gear is categorized according to the different levels of protection which NIJ has set. Those who may need more protection may get higher levels while others who require minimal protection may choose the lighter ones. The standardization of the level of protection benefited each individuals or organization in promoting uniformity and the provision of accurate ballistic vest to organizations or agencies.

To encourage law enforcement officers to procure ballistic vest, IACP and DuPont entered into a partnership in 1987 geared towards promoting the importance of wearing bullet proof vest. This partnership aims to minimize law enforcement casualties and disabilities by encouraging them to wear one by providing solid and substantial documents of its effectiveness. Another is to recognize those individuals who were saved and have eluded life-threatening situations or possible disability in order to coax others of its advantages. Lastly, it is their objective to collect important data with regard to different incidents and surviving officers and how they were saved by the use of soft body armor.

NTSB, FAA, DHS, US Military, Law Enforcement Agencies and Civilian UAV Operators Collide

The use of UAVs or Unmanned Aerial Vehicles is increasing at a rapid pace and some are worried about the future crowed skies. Recently, the NTSB make some comments, suggestions and a few recommendations, when a UAV crashed. The FAA is listening to these recommendations, as they have a responsibility to protect the flying public and those on the ground.

Obviously, no one is going to die inside a UAV if it crashes, as UAVs have no on-board pilots, but with wide-spread use there are chances of mid-air collisions, and when a UAV crashes there could be property damage, injuries of deaths on the ground, this is very serious. UAVs are being used for civilian operations, law enforcement, border patrol, coast guard and military. After investigating the UAV crash the NTSB compiled a report with 22-suggestions.

Amongst the suggestions were some interesting ideas such as installing a “blackbox” to help in the investigations. The FAA added some additional ideas such as to report all incidents and accidents. Recommendations sent to the Border Patrol for their operations included; having a back-up pilot available, face-to-face meeting with air-traffic control where the aircraft will be operated, safety program development, and that pilots be checked out in a comparable manned aircraft with proper ratings.

UAVs are hear to stay and part of our aviation community, in the future airliners will fly themselves, just like commuter trams drive themselves along rails. We need to be ready for this in the future and we must keep it safe. Consider this.

Personal Breathalyzer – The Last Hope of Law Enforcement Agencies

It has always been a dilemma for Law enforcement agencies to get rid of the problems and causes occurred due to alcoholism. The crimes and road accidents are increasing very rapidly and it is all because of the lust of booze and other related drinks. Moreover, our younger generation is under the deep influence of this bad habit because they do not know the awful outcomes of this carelessness. Moreover, people also do not pay proper attention on their BAC after getting drunk.

To stop all these issues that kills thousands of people per annum many governments and law enforcement authorities have tried their level best to implement certain rules and tests that every suspect have to take. The most important tests that are getting very popular in these days is the breathalyzer test that is performed by an alcohol tester.

Yes, personal breathalyzer has become the last hope of individuals and official agencies to get rid of harmful accidents and crimes. Thousands of people now prefer to buy an alcohol tester because this small gadget is quite efficient to detect the accurate BAC of human body without any time taking technique. All you need to determine your BAC after getting drunk is to use your breathalyzer and blow air in it. It is not that hard to use this small device because of the helping guide that comes along with it and its user friendly interface.

So, get rid of horrible accidents and crimes by purchasing a quality personal breathalyzer from the website mentioned below.